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Reactives and Explosives

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Reactive chemicals are sensitive to either friction or shock or they react in the presence of air, water, light, or heat. Explosive chemicals decompose or burn very rapidly when subjected to shock or ignition. Reactive and explosive chemicals produce large amounts of heat and gas; they are extremely dangerous.

Examples of reactive compounds include the following:

REACTIVE CLASSIFICATION CHEMICAL EXAMPLES

Acetylenic compounds

Acetylene

Copper(I) acetylide

Azides

Benzenesulfonyl azide

Lead (II) azide

Azo compounds

Azomethane

Diazomethane

Chloro/perchloro compounds

Lead perchlorate

Potassium chlorite
Silver chlorate

Fulminates

Copper (II) fulminate

Silver fulminate

Nitro compounds

Nitromethane

Trinitrotoluene

Nitrogen-containing compounds

Silver amide

Silver nitride

Organic peroxide formers

Diethyl ether
Isopropyl ether

Picrates

Picric acid (dry)
Lead picrate

Peroxides

Diacetyl peroxide
Zinc peroxide

Strained ring compounds

Benzvalene
Prismane

Polymerizable compounds

Butadiene
Vinyl chloride