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Introduction

Hazardous waste disposal is governed by the EPA and the TCEQ through State and Federal regulations. The purpose of environmentally sound disposal methods is to prevent harm to the water, land, and air. TAMUS-HSC complies with all hazardous waste disposal regulations.

2. Penalties of Noncompliance

Noncompliance with any hazardous waste regulation may result in substantial fines and penalties for the Health Science Center. In addition, individual generators may be personally liable. Generators may be cited or fined for numerous types of violations. Violations range from improperly labeling a waste container to intentionally disposing of hazardous waste incorrectly.

3. Role of the Component Safety Officer

Compliance with this program is very demanding — it requires full cooperation by all employees. The component safety should be notified of any event involving the disposal of hazardous waste. The main focus of this program is chemical waste management. The program does not include procedures for the management of radioactive, infectious, biological, or nonhazardous waste.

4. Definitions

Central Accumulation Area: Area(s) designated to be used for the storage of hazardous wastes prior to shipment to permitted disposal facilities.

Disposal: The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, or placing of any solid waste or hazardous waste (whether containerized or uncontainerized) into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any water, including ground waters.

Generator: Any person, by site, who produces municipal hazardous waste or industrial solid waste; any person who possesses municipal hazardous waste or industrial solid waste to be shipped to any other person; or any person whose act first causes solid waste to become subject to regulation.

Hazardous Waste: Any solid waste material listed or identified in Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 261, Subpart C or D or exhibiting the characteristics of ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or E.P. toxicity also defined in Part 261. Tables containing the listing and characteristics of hazardous wastes are shown at the end of this chapter.

Mixed Waste: A radioactive waste that is also a hazardous waste.

Satellite Accumulation Area: An area, system, or structure for temporary accumulation of hazardous waste prior to transport to the central accumulation area.

Solid Waste Any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water treatment plant, or air pollution control facility or other discarded material. Solid waste can be solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, municipal, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, and from community and institutional activities.

Waste: Any useless and valueless material that is to be discarded.

5. Types of Hazardous Waste

An item is considered waste when the owner determines that the material is no longer useful and needs to be discarded. An item is considered to be hazadous waste if it meets one or more of the following characteristics:

  • A chemical component is listed on one of the Chemical Tables included at the back of this chapter.
  • Mixture contains a listed hazardous waste and a nonhazardous waste.
  • One of the following:

Ignitability (flashpoint < 60oC or supports combustion) -Reactivity (e.g., water reactives, cyanides, explosives, unstable chemicals) -Corrosivity (ph < 4 or > 10) -EP toxicity (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, poisons)

Individual departments are responsible for properly identifying the hazardous waste they generate and for following University disposal procedures. Refer to the Chemical Tables section in this chapter for list of regulated hazardous chemicals.